The exhibition - “Reincarnation”

On 26th May at 17:00 will be held  exhibition under the name “Reincarnation” in connection with 80th anniversary of  museum.  The exhibition is the joint project of museum and young artists. There will be presented  reincarnated  works in avant-garde style on basis of  works of  contemporary Azerbaijani artists which are the part of museum fund and also works of famous artists and   sculptors which are represented in stationary exposition. On vernisage  artists Elshan Sarkhanoghli, Mamad Rashidov, Vuqar Quliyev, Aydin Askarov, Elshan Karaja and Emin Gahramanov will represent near 15 paintings and 5 sculptures in new interpretation.  Works bear contemporary view on art. Presentation of  exhibition which will be held in the frames of anniversary  will be the theme  for discussion of visitors. It will arouse a great  interest of specialists and virtuosity opening a new page  in the history of museum activity and creative work of artists.

   

Presidential Order of Excellence Award Ceremony of Professor Chingiz Farzaliyev

On May 13, 2016 at the Georgian National Museum Simon Janashia Museum of Georgia was held the award ceremony, where the Director of the National Art Museum of Azerbaijan, the head of the department of the Azerbaijan Academy of arts, Professor Chingiz Farzaliyev was honored with the Presidential Order of Excellence. The award was represented to him for the significant contributions in developing Georgian-Azerbaijani cultural relations and his fruitful work.

   

The concert - "Baroque music"

On the initiative of the Azerbaijan National Museum of Art and The Hajibeyov Baku Academy of Music on  the 7 th March  at 17: 00 in Azerbaijan National Museum of Art  will be held an event.   There will be held "Baroque music" concert  under the direction of professor of Baku Academy of Music  Leyla Mammadaliyeva, devoted to 80th activity of the  Azerbaijan National Museum of Art and International Women's Day.

   

Article under the name “Fascinating Azerbaijan: Baku jewellery art” devoted to Azerbaijan jewellery art was published in edition of 2015 of authoritative “Open Central Asia” journal published in London

Article under the name “Fascinating Azerbaijan: Baku jewellery art” devoted to Azerbaijan jewellery art was published in edition of 2015 of authoritative “Open Central Asia” journal published in London. The author of the article is deputy director on scientific works, Ph.D. in art studies is Khadija Asadova. The names of jewellery specimens mentioned in the article are related to the collections of Azerbaijan National Museum of Art and other museums` collections.

Amazing Azerbaijan: The Craftsmanship of Baku Jewellers


Every nation can be proud of some kind of its own art forms, each of which has enriched the world’s cultural treasure chest. Azerbaijan is known not only its with own carpets, clothes, embroideries,  copperware, cold steel, but also for its jewels. Archeological findings show that jewellery has been developed in the territory of Azerbaijan as early as B.C. Like clothes, jewellery had its own regional distinctions depending on the place where it was producing - Garabakh, Tabriz, Sheki, Baku, Nakhchivan, Lenkaran, etc.

The Baku jewellery school’s artistic form, method and techniques became an example for imitation not only in Azerbaijan, but also on all the Caucasus and Russia.

It was the city in which trade and market relations developed intensively. The Russian traveller E.Markov wrote: «Baku is a city belonging not in today’s, but tomorrow's day. It grows as in a fairy tale,  on hours … Baku turns into the Marseilles of the East. In this city jewellery workshops are located in rows. There, fine filigree products of silver and turquoise are made».

Refined earrings, necklaces, bracelets, rings, belts, every possible type of button and suspension brackets - made of silver, gold, rubies and jewels - defined the social status of women in rich families (il.1).

In the 19th century, in Baku, a large army of jewellers emerged. They were professional masters not only from the point of view of technical and artistic characteristics, but also in terms of specialisation in producing various kinds of items. Each of Baku’s jewellers specialised in a certain kind of jewellery making: A.Sultanov – in chains, G.Agajarzade – in bracelets, M.Badalov - handles and snuffboxes, Hadzhi Samed Abdudali - belts and buttons, Mashadi Aliabbas - bracelets and belts, the master Faraj - necklaces, the master Haji Abdulali and S.Aliev - thick belts, Molla Faraj (il.2), A.Kerimov, A.Yusifov, M.Ismailov and others – earrings, rings, buttons and head adornments.

In most cases, these products were created by illiterate and poor masters, but the beauty, colour harmony and original forms fascinated people. Ruby, diamond, turquoise and emerald, jewels enriched the artistic and aesthetic beauty of these works. (il.3)

One of the main types of jewellery seen are breast necklaces «sinebend», made of golden filigree. The first and original example of the necklace appeared in Baku thanks to the skill of master Faraj. Later the necklace was duplicated by hundreds of the craftsmen. (il.4)

One example is presented in large and small “zoomorf”, in plants, and with parts of a literary composition in astral form of cohesion known as “duzulusun”. This product is used in both simple and complex jewellery. Decorative elements are made with the spiral-shaped pattern of the network. In sinebends, thousands of scratches and twisted can be seen in the gold, improved by a comma-shaped motif called "vov". Motifs of the moon, twelve-petalled flowers fastened inside the star, reminiscent of the stars, fish, horizontal and vertical directions, demonstrate the artistic effect. Now the artistic design concepts for the figurative expression of jewellers have their own traditions.

Woman’s beautiful pendants, made of gold, are considered to be the most fashionable products. Since the nineteenth century, the development of the economic situation in the neighboring countries, not only in the city, allowed the expansion of trade relations. In this sense,
local jewelers could use luxury models imported from Europe, which were interpreted into the style of the new artistic forms and details. Diamond, ruby and emerald, pendants of the noble people of the city were considered essential to show off by rich people. In most cases, made of gold and covered with precious jewels, these works are the pride of national heritage (il.5).

Holding an important place in the luxury jewellery, the Baku “toggas” made by jewellers were executed in the style of a traditional network (il 6). The hallmark magic gold colour and style characteristic of the network, led to the formation of toqqa-buckle. In the case of jewellry, it is always taken into account in its age (il.7).

Today jewellers produced by their endless creative thinking the most popular "piyalazenq” ear-rings in the shape of infinite models. Network (il.8) or “minasazlıq” rows take the shape of the original style. The lassel-like earrings worn with leather and  decorated with artistic design are popular. The earrings with their unique designs and technological features, as well as the artistic design are popular. The earrings with their unique designs and technological features, as well as artistic style, remind me of the East.

All the examples listed in are part of this rich treasure. However, these are not only our physical, but also our spiritual wealth preserved by the memory of thousands of years. They are polished over time, developed and reach their outcome. These examples are invaluable for future generations to learn from and develop tremselves.

List of illustrations:

1. An Azerbiajani girl in Baku. 1870

2. Ear-ring. Baku. XIX c. Azerbaijani National Museum of Fine Arts.

3. Pendant. Baku. Mid XIX c. Azerbaijani National Museum of History.

4. Necklace. Baku. Early XX c. Azerbaijani National Museum of History.

5. Moon-and-Star Pendant. Late XIX-early XX cc. Azerbaijani National Museum of Fine Arts.

6. Buckle. Baku. Late XIX c. Azerbaijani National Museum of History.

7. Crescent belt. XIX c. Azerbaijani National Museum of History.

8. Piyalazeng Ear-ring. Baku. Late XIX c. Azerbaijani National Museum of Fine Arts.

   

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