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Article under the name “Fascinating Azerbaijan: Baku jewellery art” devoted to Azerbaijan jewellery art was published in edition of 2015 of authoritative “Open Central Asia” journal published in London

Article under the name “Fascinating Azerbaijan: Baku jewellery art” devoted to Azerbaijan jewellery art was published in edition of 2015 of authoritative “Open Central Asia” journal published in London. The author of the article is deputy director on scientific works, Ph.D. in art studies is Khadija Asadova. The names of jewellery specimens mentioned in the article are related to the collections of Azerbaijan National Museum of Art and other museums` collections.

Amazing Azerbaijan: The Craftsmanship of Baku Jewellers


Every nation can be proud of some kind of its own art forms, each of which has enriched the world’s cultural treasure chest. Azerbaijan is known not only its with own carpets, clothes, embroideries,  copperware, cold steel, but also for its jewels. Archeological findings show that jewellery has been developed in the territory of Azerbaijan as early as B.C. Like clothes, jewellery had its own regional distinctions depending on the place where it was producing - Garabakh, Tabriz, Sheki, Baku, Nakhchivan, Lenkaran, etc.

The Baku jewellery school’s artistic form, method and techniques became an example for imitation not only in Azerbaijan, but also on all the Caucasus and Russia.

It was the city in which trade and market relations developed intensively. The Russian traveller E.Markov wrote: «Baku is a city belonging not in today’s, but tomorrow's day. It grows as in a fairy tale,  on hours … Baku turns into the Marseilles of the East. In this city jewellery workshops are located in rows. There, fine filigree products of silver and turquoise are made».

Refined earrings, necklaces, bracelets, rings, belts, every possible type of button and suspension brackets - made of silver, gold, rubies and jewels - defined the social status of women in rich families (il.1).

In the 19th century, in Baku, a large army of jewellers emerged. They were professional masters not only from the point of view of technical and artistic characteristics, but also in terms of specialisation in producing various kinds of items. Each of Baku’s jewellers specialised in a certain kind of jewellery making: A.Sultanov – in chains, G.Agajarzade – in bracelets, M.Badalov - handles and snuffboxes, Hadzhi Samed Abdudali - belts and buttons, Mashadi Aliabbas - bracelets and belts, the master Faraj - necklaces, the master Haji Abdulali and S.Aliev - thick belts, Molla Faraj (il.2), A.Kerimov, A.Yusifov, M.Ismailov and others – earrings, rings, buttons and head adornments.

In most cases, these products were created by illiterate and poor masters, but the beauty, colour harmony and original forms fascinated people. Ruby, diamond, turquoise and emerald, jewels enriched the artistic and aesthetic beauty of these works. (il.3)

One of the main types of jewellery seen are breast necklaces «sinebend», made of golden filigree. The first and original example of the necklace appeared in Baku thanks to the skill of master Faraj. Later the necklace was duplicated by hundreds of the craftsmen. (il.4)

One example is presented in large and small “zoomorf”, in plants, and with parts of a literary composition in astral form of cohesion known as “duzulusun”. This product is used in both simple and complex jewellery. Decorative elements are made with the spiral-shaped pattern of the network. In sinebends, thousands of scratches and twisted can be seen in the gold, improved by a comma-shaped motif called "vov". Motifs of the moon, twelve-petalled flowers fastened inside the star, reminiscent of the stars, fish, horizontal and vertical directions, demonstrate the artistic effect. Now the artistic design concepts for the figurative expression of jewellers have their own traditions.

Woman’s beautiful pendants, made of gold, are considered to be the most fashionable products. Since the nineteenth century, the development of the economic situation in the neighboring countries, not only in the city, allowed the expansion of trade relations. In this sense,
local jewelers could use luxury models imported from Europe, which were interpreted into the style of the new artistic forms and details. Diamond, ruby and emerald, pendants of the noble people of the city were considered essential to show off by rich people. In most cases, made of gold and covered with precious jewels, these works are the pride of national heritage (il.5).

Holding an important place in the luxury jewellery, the Baku “toggas” made by jewellers were executed in the style of a traditional network (il 6). The hallmark magic gold colour and style characteristic of the network, led to the formation of toqqa-buckle. In the case of jewellry, it is always taken into account in its age (il.7).

Today jewellers produced by their endless creative thinking the most popular "piyalazenq” ear-rings in the shape of infinite models. Network (il.8) or “minasazlıq” rows take the shape of the original style. The lassel-like earrings worn with leather and  decorated with artistic design are popular. The earrings with their unique designs and technological features, as well as the artistic design are popular. The earrings with their unique designs and technological features, as well as artistic style, remind me of the East.

All the examples listed in are part of this rich treasure. However, these are not only our physical, but also our spiritual wealth preserved by the memory of thousands of years. They are polished over time, developed and reach their outcome. These examples are invaluable for future generations to learn from and develop tremselves.

List of illustrations:

1. An Azerbiajani girl in Baku. 1870

2. Ear-ring. Baku. XIX c. Azerbaijani National Museum of Fine Arts.

3. Pendant. Baku. Mid XIX c. Azerbaijani National Museum of History.

4. Necklace. Baku. Early XX c. Azerbaijani National Museum of History.

5. Moon-and-Star Pendant. Late XIX-early XX cc. Azerbaijani National Museum of Fine Arts.

6. Buckle. Baku. Late XIX c. Azerbaijani National Museum of History.

7. Crescent belt. XIX c. Azerbaijani National Museum of History.

8. Piyalazeng Ear-ring. Baku. Late XIX c. Azerbaijani National Museum of Fine Arts.

 

Servet

Staff of the Azerbaijan National Museum of Art participated in the preparation of the “Servet” series of albums

dedicated to the masters of Azerbaijani art.

This album series features works of art and archive materials in the following museums:

The Azerbaijan National Museum of Art,

The Museum of Modern Art,

The Nizami Ganjavi Azerbaijan National Museum of Literature,

The Azerbaijan State Art Gallery,

The Azerbaijan State Museum of Musical Culture,

The Jafar Jabbarli Azerbaijan State Museum of Theatre

and private galleries and collections

 
 

Azərbaycan Dövlət İncəsənət Muzeyi, 2010

There are no translations available.

R.Mustafayev adına Azərbaycan Dövlət İncəsənət Muzeyi Bakının mərkəzində , XIX əsrin sonlarında inşa edilmiş, ən gözəl binalardan biri də -ikimərtəbəli malikanədə yerləşir.

Bakının tarixilə bağlı aparılan tədqiqatlarda xeber verdiyinə görə 1888-ci ildə bəlli olur ki, şəhərin Sadovaya küçəsi 9 ünvanında mülki mühəndis N.A fon  der Nonnenin layihəsi ilə zəngin bir bina ucaldılır. Bu – baron Rotşildin işlərini idarə edən Deburun malikanəsi idi. Ölçülərinin və yerinin uğurlu seçimi ətrafındakı tikililərin əhatəsində məhz bu binanın kompozisiyasını mənalandırır.

Vestibüldəki ağ mərmər pilləkənlər tamaşaçını yuxarı mərtəbəyə aparır. Burada nəfis kaşılı sobaları olan zəngin zallar bir-birini ardıcılıqla əvəzləyir.

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Azərbaycan Rəngkarlığı – Antologiya, 2007

There are no translations available.


Müəllif: Çingiz Fərzəliyev

Azərbaycan xalqının bədii mədəniyyəti tarixində dekorativ tətbiqi sənətin müxtəlif növləri ilə yanaşı rəngkarlıq şərəfli yer tutur. Rəngkarlığın ənənələri əsrlər boyu inkişaf etmiş – orta əsrlərin miniatür sənəti və divar rəsmlərindən sonra  mövzu, janr və üslub müxtələfliyi ilə fərqlənən dəzgah rəngkarlığı meydana çıxmışdır. Bu kitaba orta əsrlərdən başlayaraq bu günə kimi inkişaf edən və bir sira muzey və şəxsi kolleksıyalarda saxlanılan Azərbaycan rəngkarlığına aid əsərlər daxil edilmişdir.